Before setting sail, it is important to load your vessel properly so that the weight is evenly distributed. This can help for a smoother sail and reduce any risk of instability whilst you are out on the water. All belongings, especially if they are heavy, should be loaded in a manner which will not impact any operations.
In addition to this, you should always be aware of your vessel’s capacity.Overloading the vessel will also increase instability and performance, increasing the risk of an accident. If you are unsure about the vessel’s capacity, you should contact your manufacturer as they should be able to provide you with reliable advice. They will let you know how much weight and people the boat can safely carry.
You must not exceed the maximum weight limit advised by your manufacturer, and remember to take into account that all equipment onboard contributes to the capacity held by the vessel.
In addition to the maximum capacity, the manufacturer can advise the operator with a recommended engine size so as not to overpower the boat. Larger engines can make a vessel run faster, but also increase the risks associated with taking it out on the water.
Vessels are designed to carry a specific amount of weight and stress which corresponds to it. Larger engines can increase the weight carried by the vessel which can risk overloading it, but also add additional strain the so steering mechanism.
This increases the risk of damage to the vessel which is not designed for a larger engine, making it more difficult to control the vessel. This can then lead to increased risk of accidents and collisions.
The vessels operator has many responsibilities, including:
If the operator or individual controlling the boat is not aware of the proper fuelling practices involved, there will be a risk of fire onboard the vessel. Fuel vapor will travel to the lowest section of the boat which typically runs through the engine space, increasing the risk of explosion.
If the correct precautions are taken, this risk can be avoided. The correct steps to ensure a boat is fuelled properly are:
Anyone who is exposed the cold weather when out on the water is in a dangerous situation. It is important to dress properly for the weather to ensure you are not at risk of freezing, and ensure your passengers do the same. In addition to this, lifejackets should always be worn when boating.